What Is A Stock Split?

Stock Split

Split adjusted refers to the changes in a stock’s data following a modification of its share price, allowing comparisons to past data. To convert a quantity of pre-split shares to post-split shares across multiple splits, multiple the ratio value of each split together. For example, a single pre-split share in 1987 would have eventually been split into 224 shares after the 2020 split. A stock split isn’t worthless, but it doesn’t impact the fundamental position of a company and therefore doesn’t create additional value.

Second, the higher number of shares outstanding can result in greater liquidity for the stock, which facilitates trading and may narrow the bid-ask spread. Increasing the liquidity of a stock makes trading in the stock easier for buyers and sellers. This can help companies repurchase their shares at a lower cost since their orders will have less of an impact on a more liquid security. Splits in which you get more shares than you previously had, but at a lower per-share price, are sometimes called “forward splits.” They are the opposite of reverse splits.

When Was The Last Annual Meeting Of Shareholders?

Mostly, it’s the Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation and the Options Clearing Corporation . The DTCC provides clearing and settlement services to the US financial market.

The process of a stock split is expensive, requires legal oversight, and must be performed in accordance with regulatory laws. The company wanting to split their stock must pay a great deal to have no movement in its over market capitalization value.

Stock Split

The Motley Fool has positions in and recommends Alphabet , Alphabet , Nvidia, Tesla, and The Trade Desk. When a company’s board decides to reduce the outstanding share count, this is what you get. A daily schedule of board of director, shareholder and analyst/investor meetings.

Reverse Stock Split June 2022

In some cases, the company needs to seek approval from shareholders before moving forward with a split. With or without this step, a company’s board of directors or other governing body will later vote on the proposal. Just as with a stock split, there’s no change to the market capitalization of a company, nor is there a change to each investor’s stake. This may sound complicated, but it’s quite simple in real-world situations.

Stock Split

Stock Splits could increase volatility in the market because of the new share price. More investors may decide to purchase the stock after it is more affordable, and that could increase the volatility of the stock. Suppose publicly traded Company XYZ announces a two-for-one stock split. Prior to the split, you own 100 shares priced at $80 each, for a total value of $8,000.


Selling a put option can be very expensive for stocks trading at a high price. You may know that a put option gives the buyer the right to sell 100 shares of stock (referred to as a “lot”) at an agreed-upon price. The seller of the put must be prepared to purchase that stock lot. If a stock is trading at $1,000 per share, the put seller has to have $100,000 in cash on hand to fulfill their obligation. If a stock is trading at $20 per share, they have to have a more reasonable $2,000. While this split made the stock more accessible to investors, it was not the first time Apple split its stock.

  • In May 2011, Citigroup reverse split its shares one-for-10 in an effort to reduce its share volatility and discourage speculator trading.
  • Ikenberry’s papers were published in 1996 and 2003, and each one analyzed the performance of more than 1,000 stocks.
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  • “Bank of America” is the marketing name for the global banking and global markets business of Bank of America Corporation.

Take control of your financial future with information and inspiration on starting a business or side hustle, earning passive income, and investing for independence. However, while a split itself doesn’t affect the value of a stock, the circumstances surrounding the stock split, as well as the split-adjusted stock price, can certainly be a positive or negative catalyst. Brian Beers is a digital editor, writer, Emmy-nominated producer, and content expert with 15+ years of experience writing about corporate finance & accounting, fundamental analysis, and investing.

Does The Stock Split Make The Company More Or Less Valuable?

A stock split is a type of corporate action that occurs when a company’s executive board chooses to increase the number of shares by giving more stocks to their existing shareholders. Stockholders might alternatively sell shares before the split distribution date at the lower post stock split price, and this is accomplished by the establishment of a “when issued” post-split price. The “when issued” price is approximately one-half of the regular pre-split price, to reflect the pending 2 for 1 split . “When issued” trading ceases after the market closes on the distribution date. When you sell shares at the lower “when issued” price you normally are entitled to receive the stock split shares on the shares you sold.

  • Apple’s outstanding shares increased from 861 million to 6 billion shares.
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  • Take control of your financial future with information and inspiration on starting a business or side hustle, earning passive income, and investing for independence.
  • No, but Apple stock can be purchased through just about any brokerage firm, including online brokerage services.
  • To avoid these discontinuities, many charts use what is known as an adjusted share price; that is, they divide all closing prices before the split by the split ratio.
  • With or without this step, a company’s board of directors or other governing body will later vote on the proposal.

Suzanne Frey, an executive at Alphabet, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. Matthew Frankel, CFP® has no position in any of the stocks mentioned.

Stock Split

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You may also own stock that goes through a reverse split, though this type of split is less common especially among seasoned companies that trade on one of the major U.S. stock markets. In this case, a company with very low-priced stock reduces the total number of shares to increase the per-share price.

Stock Splits Vs Reverse Stock Splits

For example, if you hold 100 shares of AMZN trading at $400 per share, after the split you will own 2,000 shares valued at $20 per share. Likewise, if you own one options call with a strike price of $400, after the split you would own 20 contracts controlling 2,000 shares each, at a $20 strike price. In order to avoid being “delisted,” as this dire fate is known, the company will enact a reverse stock split, increasing the stock price and ensuring it stays on the market. There are many reasons why a company may consider a stock split. Since stock splits don’t add market value, much of it comes down to making the stock more attainable to everyday investors, and the behavioral benefits of that. A split may reduce the price per share, but it doesn’t affect the company’s market capitalization.

A stock split ratio tells you the number of new shares that will be created after a forward stock split, or by how much the share count will be divided in a reverse stock split. For example, a 3-for-1 stock split means that two shares will be created for every one currently in existence, for a total of three after the split.

In the example of a 2-for-1 split, the share price will be halved. Thus, while a stock split increases the number of outstanding shares and proportionally lowers the share price, the company’s market capitalization remains unchanged. Most investors are more comfortable purchasing, say, 100 shares of a $10 stock as opposed to 1 share of a $1,000 stock. So when the share price has risen substantially, many public companies end up declaring a stock split to reduce it. A stock split is a multiplying or dividing of a company’s outstanding share count that doesn’t change its overall market value or capitalization. For example, if a company doubles its share count by giving investors one additional share of stock for every share they own, each shareholder will own twice as many shares of stock.

Then a new unit can be introduced, such that an old unit is equal to 10 new units. https://accountingcoaching.online/ At NextAdvisor we’re firm believers in transparency and editorial independence.

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How Can I Get The Current Apple Stock Price?

Let’s say Apple decides to do a 4-for-1 stock split as an example. For simplicity’s sake, assume you have one share in Apple’s stock. Below we review what to expect as a shareholder, what a split means for the future of the company and where each company is at in their split processes. Stock splits don’t really change anything, except for making shares of companies easier to buy.

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