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Guru Tegh Bahadur had resisted forced conversions of non-Muslims to Islam during Aurangzeb's rule He was publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi are the sites of his execution and cremation Guru Tegh Bahadur's term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675 Guru Tegh Bahadur was the youngest of the five sons of Guru Hargobind, and was born in 1621 CE. [46] A villager named Kushal Singh Dahiya came ahead and offers his own head in the place of Guru's head to Mughal army. ................................ Advertisement ................................ Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day: Know All About The Great Sikh Guru, "IAS Backdoor Entry" Claim On Speaker Om Birla's Daughter Fact-Checked, "Never Underestimate The Indians": Justin Langer's Lesson From Series, "Good Evening From The Gabba": Ashwin Has Last Laugh In Banter With Paine, Fight Against Covid In "Final Stage": Amit Shah As Vaccination Drive Begins, AAP Wins 70 Seats Across 13 Districts In Maharashtra Panchayat Polls, "No Chance": Tamil Nadu Chief Minister On VK Sasikala Rejoining AIADMK, Parakram Diwas: Subhas Chandra Bose 125th Birth Anniversary - Key Points, Lesser Bloating And 7 Other Reasons Why Sugarcane Juice Is The Green Nectar You Must Have Regularly, "Life Goes On:" Minissha Lamba On Separation, Moving On And More, This website follows the DNPA Code of Ethics, Guru Tegh Bahadur had resisted forced conversions of non-Muslims to Islam during Aurangzeb's rule, He was publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi, Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi are the sites of his execution and cremation, Guru Tegh Bahadur's term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675, In the Guru Granth Sahib, there are one hundred and fifteen hymns of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Tegh Bahadur is remembered for his selfless service to people. Thus, Guruji is often referred to as Hind Ki Chadar, meaning The Shielder of the Hindus. They looked sad. Tweet. They were persuaded to convert to Islam during their four month imprisonment at Sirhind. Thereafter, states Grewal, he was publicly beheaded in Chandni Chowk, a market square close to the Red Fort. He was born in Amritsar, Punjab, India in 1621 and was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind Sahib, the sixth Sikh guru. Brief History of Guru Tegh Bahadur: Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth Guru of Sikhs . "The gods and goddesses can not help. According to the official account of the Mughal Empire, written 107 years later by Ghulam Husain of Lucknow in 1782, Tegh Bahadur, the eighth successor of (Guru) Nanak became a man of authority with a large number of followers. [1][4], William Irvine states that Guru Tegh Bahadur was tortured for many weeks while being asked to abandon his faith and convert to Islam; he stood by his convictions and refused; he was then executed. The Sikh Gurus Tegh Bahadur, beheaded by Aurangzeb in 1675 for refusing to convert, and his son Govind Singh, who founded the military Khalsa order and whose four sons were killed by the Moghul troops, are very popular in Hindutva glorifications of national heroes'. One who is not perturbed by misfortune, who is beyond comfort, attachment, and fear, who considers gold as dust. Guru Tegh Bahadur taught his followers to be fearless in pursuit of justice in society. He also received religious training from Baba Buddha and Bhai Gurdas. Sikhism: Guru Tegh Bahadur. Share 0. The youngest son of Guru Hargobind, he was publicly killed … Like Guru Har Krishan before him, Guru Tegh Bahadur was accused of being a “pretender to power”. Guru Tegh Bahadur confronted the religious persecution of Kashmiri Brahmins by the Mughal officials. During the reign of Mughal emperor Aurangazeb, Islam was imposed on all. na nindya nehn usttat ja kai lobh moh abhimana Guru Tegh Bahadur sets off for Delhi: 27 July, 1675: Guru Tegh Bahadur taken into custody by Nur Muhammad Khan Miraza of Ropar Police post, on Savan 12,1732 at Malikpur Ranghran, Pargana Ghanaula, and sent to Sirhind. One hundred and fifteen of his hymns are in Guru Granth Sahib. The Vice President also posted a beautiful quote of Guru Tegh Bahadur. – Sirdar Kapur Singh. In 1664, Guru Tegh Bahadur visited Kiratpur thrice for three different reasons. Guru Tegh Bahadur spoke out amid this persecution. They were persuaded to convert … Guru Tegh Bahadur started traveling to various parts of the country in order to preach the teachings of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. He came to be known by the name Tegh Bahadur (Mighty of the Sword), given to him by Guru Hargobind after he had shown his valor in a battle against the Mughals. Tegh Bahadur used to collect money from Hindus and Hafiz Adam from Muslims. Guru Tegh Bahadur, who was born in Amritsar, is remembered as the man who championed the rights for religious freedom. He refused. As soon as these words became known, many hopeful persons rushed to Bakala to claim the title. Almost 70 years earlier, in 1606, Guru Arjan, the fifth Sikh guru, was killed by … Guru Tegh Bahadur (Punjabi: [gʊɾuː t̯eːgᵊ bəɦaːd̯ʊɾᵊ]; 1 April 1621 – 11 November 1675)[7][8] was a ninth of ten Gurus who founded the Sikh religion and he was head of the followers of Sikhism from 1665 until his beheading in 1675. [20], Guru Tegh Bahadur contributed many hymns to Granth Sahib including the Saloks, or couplets near the end of the Guru Granth Sahib. He neither speaks ill of others nor feels elated by praise and shuns greed, attachments, and arrogance. [3] While Guru Tegh Bahadur influence was rising, Aurangzeb had imposed Islamic laws, demolished Hindu schools and temples, and enforced new taxes on non-Muslims. The youngest of the five sons of the sixth Sikh guru, Guru Hargobind, he was trained in the martial arts of swordsmanship and horse riding from a young age. In such a person resides God. He travelled across the country with the teachings of Guru Nanak - the first Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur had set up community kitchens and wells for the local people wherever he went, Anandpur Sahib, the famous holy city and a global tourist attraction in the foothills of Himalayas, was founded by Guru Tegh Bahadur. His name means ‘Mighty of Sword’, and his father foresaw that he would become his successor as Guru in due course. Guru Tegh Bahadur (Punjabi: [gʊɾuː t̯eːgᵊ bəɦaːd̯ʊɾᵊ]; 1 April 1621 – 24 November 1675) was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.He was born at Amritsar in 1621 and was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind.His term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675. Who killed Guru Tegh Bahadur? In 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded publicly in the Chandni Chowk market, a market square close to the Red fort. [23], During his travels, Guru Tegh Bahadur spread the Sikh ideas and message, as well as started community water wells and langars (community kitchen charity for the poor). He was also taught the old classics such as the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Puranas. Sikh tradition states that the guru stood up for the rights of Kashmiri Pandits who approached him to intercede on their behalf with the emperor and ask him to revoke a recently imposed jizya (tax) and was publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for himself refusing Mughal rulers and defying them. Guru Tegh Bahadur confronted the religious persecution of Kashmiri Brahmins by the Mughal officials. As such, it is a classic Hindutva proof of the Hinduness of Sikhism, though it is also a classic neo-Sikh proof of the “secularism” of Sikhism (“showing concern even for people of a different religion, viz. About Guru Tegh Bahadur: Guru Tegh Bahadur had resisted forced conversions of non-Muslims to Islam during Aurangzeb’s rule; He was publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi. His son Guru Gobind Singh, who would be the tenth Sikh guru, was born in Patna, while he was away in Dhubri, Assam in 1666, where stands the Gurdwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib. On the 11th November 1675 at Delhi, Guru Tegh Bahadur, the 9th Guru of the Sikhs was beheaded by Aurangzeb. In his message, the Lt Governor said, “I bow to Dhan Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji, Guru Ji’s sacrifice for upholding the principle of freedom of conscience and vision for inclusive society will be remembered till eternity” “Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji taught us about humanity, equality, courage, sacrifice, dignity, and religious freedom. He was publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi. [3][4] Guru Tegh Bahadur refused, and he and his associates were arrested. Some reasons state that he moved around with several thousand followers. From a young age he was trained in the martial-arts of archery and horsemanship. Ghulam Muhiuddin Bute Shah said that "Ram Rai represented to the Emperor that Guru Tegh Bahadur was very proud of his spiritual greatness and that he would not realize his fault unless he was punished. Guru Tegh Bahadur had resisted forced conversions of non-Muslims to Islam during Aurangzeb's rule He was publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in … When asked by his followers who would lead them after him, he replied Baba Bakala, meaning his successor was to be found in Bakala. [1], After the execution of Tegh Bahadar by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, a number of Sikh temples were built in his and his associates' memory. Upon refusing, the Guru was executed under the orders of the then Mughal ruler Aurangzeb on November 24, 1675. Ram Rai also suggested that Guru Tegh Bahadur is asked to appear before the Emperor to work a miracle; if he failed, he could be put to death." Bhai Sahib Sirdar Kapur Singh. Following the footsteps of the eighth Nanak Guru Har Krishan, Tegh Bahadur became a guru on April 16, 1664, and was known as the Srisht-di-Chadar (protector of humanity). This victory against heavy odds destroyed the myth of Mughal invincibility. Sikhs were puzzled to see so many claimants. Bhai Santokh Singh, Mahaakavi, in his Guruprataapsooryodey (1846) clearly tells us that, adham naurange kaaran keenaa, “it was the unspeakably … He lived & died to oppose the religious & political tyranny of Aurangzeb. As the seat of the Sikh Gurus, and with its connection to Sikhs in far-flung areas of the country through the chains of Masands or missionaries, it had developed the characteristics of state capital. [17][18], Sikh tradition has a myth concerning the manner in which Tegh Bahadur was selected as the ninth guru. [3][1] According to J.S. [47] After beheading Kushal Singh Dahiya the villagers shuffle the heads and give the head of Kushal Singh Dahiya to Mughal army. [citation needed] The second visit was on 15 October 1664, at the death on 29 September 1664, of Bassi, the mother of Guru Har Rai. [11] His martyrdom is remembered as the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur every year on 24 November, according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003. [3] The Sikh movement was rapidly growing in the rural Malwa region of Punjab, and the Guru was openly encouraging Sikhs to, "be fearless in their pursuit of a just society: he who holds none in fear, nor is afraid of anyone, is acknowledged as a man of true wisdom", a statement recorded in the Guru Granth Sahib p. Both these men (Guru Tegh Bahadur and Hafiz Adam) used to move about in Punjab, adopting a habit of coercion and extortion. His supreme sacrifice to protect the human rights of people will continue to inspire generations to come." Before Guruji left his body, he had nominated his son, Gobind Rai, who became the 10th Guru of the Sikhs. MARTYRDOM OF GURU TEGH BAHADUR 1675 As ordered by the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded in Sis Ganj, near Chandi Chowk in Old Delhi, for upholding the refusal of a number of Hindu Kashmiri Brahmins’ to convert to Islam. [24][25], The Guru made three successive visits to Kiratpur. It is obvious, that, he inherited the human rights genes from his elders. Gurdwara Rakabganj is where his body was cremated.@BJP4India@capt_amarinderpic.twitter.com/Us9qESYL6E. [9] 24 November, the date of his martyrdom, is observed in certain parts of India as a public holiday. He began shouting from the rooftop, "Guru ladho re, Guru ladho re" meaning "I have found the Guru, I have found the Guru". Tegh Bahadur was the second Sikh guru to be assassinated at the hands of a Mughal emperor. A third visit concluded a fairly extensive journey through the northwest Indian subcontinent. [27], After his visit to Assam, Bengal and Bihar, the Guru visited Rani Champa of Bilaspur who offered to give the Guru a piece of land in her state. [29], In 1675 Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed in Delhi on 24 November under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Yes. About Guru Granth Sahib. There, Guru Tegh Bahadur founded the city of Anandpur Sahib in the foothills of Himalayas. [30][31] He did so after appointing his son the successor-Guru, leaving his base of Makhowal and entering Ropar where he was promptly arrested. He renounces expectations, greed. Guru Tegh Bahadur is also called as “Hind Di Chadar”. So he and all the other Pundits journeyed to Anandpur to meet Siri Guru Teg Bahadur ji! pic.twitter.com/wMbaJOShF2, Today remember #GuruTeghBahadur's martyrdom. According to records written by his son Guru Gobind Singh, the Guru had resisted persecution and had adopted and promised to protect Kashmiri Hindus. The royal waqia navis (news reporter and intelligence agent) wrote to the Emperor Alamgir [Aurangzeb] of their manner of activity, added that if their authority increased they could become even refractory. Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi are the sites of his execution and cremation. This composition is recited in every Sikh place of worship on the occasion of the Guru's martyrdom. Guru Tegh Bahadur -The True Story by Gurmukh-Singh OBE. [49][50][51], The execution hardened the resolve of Sikhs against Muslim rule and the persecution. [3][9][10] Sikh holy premises Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi mark the places of execution and cremation of Guru Tegh Bahadur. Hinduism”). He was a cruel man who killed his elder brother for the throne, tortured his own children and had starved his father to death. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi. [3] Wilfred Smith[52] stated "the attempt to forcibly convert the ninth Guru to an externalized, impersonal Islam clearly made an indelible impression on the martyr's nine-year-old son, Gobind, who reacted slowly but deliberately by eventually organizing the Sikh group into a distinct, formal, symbol-patterned community". ", "HP Government - Holidays - Government of Himachal Pradesh, India", Non-Canonical Compositions Attributed to the Seventh and Ninth Sikh Gurus, List of places named after Guru Gobind Singh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guru_Tegh_Bahadur&oldid=1000751439, People executed for refusing to convert to Islam, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with style issues from December 2020, Pages incorrectly using the quote template, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles needing additional references from November 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Martyrdom for defending one’s human rights of practicing religion (under Aurangzeb 's reign), Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Senior Secondary School, Patli Dabar, Sirsa (Haryana), Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Institute of Technology. 1427. [9][28] In 1672, Tegh Bahadur traveled through Kashmir and the North-West Frontier, to meet the masses, as the persecution of non-Muslims reached new heights. Guru Tegh Bahadur is worshipped as the ninth of the ten gurus revered in the Sikh culture. Who Killed Guru Tegh Bahadur?, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Sirdar Kapur Singh, The Sikh Review January 1976, Sikh Digital Library Publisher Sikh Digital Library Collection opensource Contributor Sikh Digital Library Language English [17] Then he discovered that Tegh Bahadur also lived at Bakala. Aurangzeb dreamed of an Islamic India. [43] Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, also in Delhi, is built on the site of the residence of a disciple of Teg Bahadur, who burned his house to cremate his master's body. He is also called Hind ki Chadar, or Shield of India. [17] He arrived in search of the ninth Guru. Grewal, a scholar of Sikh history, Guru Tegh Bahadur decided to confront the religious persecution of Kashmiri Brahmins by the Mughal officials. [3][4] The Guru was summoned to Delhi by Aurangzeb on a pretext, but when he arrived, he was asked "to abandon his faith and convert to Islam". Guru Tegh Bahadur's Martyrdom Day is also observed as Shaheed Diwas every year on November 24. He was born on April 01, 1621 in a family of revolutionaries, social activists and reformers, who sacrificed their lives for justice, equality, tolerance and oppression. [33][37], Sikh historians record that Guru Tegh Bahadur had become a socio-political challenge to the Muslim rule and Aurangzeb. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed in 1675 on Aurangzeb’s orders. He was married to Mata Gujri, daughter of Lal Chand of Kartarpur in Jullundhur district. The Guru questioned the idea that "occult powers were not a proof of one's nearness to God", states Grewal. He was a cruel man who killed his elder brother for the throne, tortured his own children and had starved his father to death. Makhan Shah Labana forthwith made good the difference and ran upstairs. [30] According to Purnima Dhavan – a scholar of South Asian history and Mughal Empire, the Mughal administration kept a close watch on his activities. [33] According to Surjit Gandhi, the account by Ghulam Husain suffers from serious inaccuracies and is historically wrong, as Hafiz Adam had left India and died at Medina in 1643. Guru Gobind Singh’s describes the spiritual bliss obtained in the remembrance of the Ninth Master Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib. He was originally named Tyag Mal (Punjabi: ਤਿਆਗ ਮਲ) but was later renamed Tegh Bahadur after his gallantry and bravery in the wars against the Mughal forces. Three of his colleagues, who had been arrested with him, were then put to death in front of him. In continuation of the centennial birth celebrations of the learned scholar, World Sikh News takes pride in publishing another essay of Bhai Sahib Sirdar Kapur Singh. One hundred and fifteen of his hymns are in Guru Granth Sahib. He received effective training in archery and horsemanship as well as in the classic teachings of the Sikh traditions.

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