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To recite the Amidah is a mitzvah de-rabbanan for, according to legend, it was first composed by the Anshei Knesset HaGedolah. One who stands in the Land of Israel should face Jerusalem, as it is said, "They shall pray to the Lord by way of the city" (ibid). The custom is to face the direction of Israel, and if one is in Israel, to turn to Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. Due to its importance, it is simply called hatefila (התפילה‎, "the prayer") in rabbinic literature. The word Amidah literally means standing, because it is prayed while standing. One who stands in Jerusalem should face the Temple. The Amidah brings everything into focus. [2][3] The rules governing the composition and recital of the Amidah are discussed primarily in the Talmud, in Chapters 4–5 of Berakhot; in the Mishneh Torah, in chapters 4–5 of Hilkhot Tefilah; and in the Shulchan Aruch, Laws 89–127. During the dry season, the blessing has this form: Bless us, our Father, in all the work of our hands, and bless our year with gracious, blessed, and kindly dews: be its outcome life, plenty, and peace as in the good years, for Thou, O Eternal, are good and does good and blesses the years. The repetition's original purpose was to give illiterate members of the congregation a chance to be included in the chazzan's Amidah by answering "Amen. One version refers to the prescribed sacrifices, but in the past tense ("there our ancestors offered" rather than "there we shall offer"). Your IP: 54.37.232.254 The Torah instructs us to pray to G‑dfor our needs. Each holiday's paragraph recounts the historical background of that holiday, thanking God for his salvation. The phrase m'chayei hameitim ("who causes the dead to come to life") is replaced in the Reform and Reconstructionist siddurim with m'chayei hakol ("who gives life to all") and m'chayei kol chai ("who gives life to all life"), respectively. Each blessing ends with the signature "Blessed are you, O Lord..." and the opening blessing begins with this signature as well. The Amidah Standing Prayer – in English To begin: take three steps backward, then three steps forward. Nevertheless, given the importance of moisture during the dry summer of Israel, many versions of the liturgy insert the phrase "מוריד הטל‎," "He causes the dew to fall," during every Amidah of the dry half of the year. Targum Press, 2008 - Amidah (Jewish prayer) - 546 pages. It is also referred to as the Amidah (standing, because we stand while we recite it), or Tefillah (prayer, as in The Prayer, because it is the essence of all Jewish prayer). For example, someone named Leah might say Psalms 3:9, since both Leah and this verse begin with the letter Lamed and end with Hay. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. Following the establishment of the State of Israel and the reunification of Jerusalem, some Orthodox authorities proposed changes to the special Nachem "Console..." prayer commemorating the destruction of Jerusalem added to the Amidah on Tisha B'Av in light of these events. A fourth Amidah (called Mussaf) is recited on Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh, and Jewish festivals, after the morning Torah reading. Gale Virtual Reference Library. The biblical passage referring to the Mussaf sacrifice of the day is recited. The Amidah (Hebrew: תפילת העמידה‎, Tefilat HaAmidah, "The Standing Prayer"), also called the Shemoneh Esreh (.mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}שמנה עשרה‎ 'eighteen'), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy. CBN.com – Since the prayer Jesus taught his disciples (The Lord's Prayer) is apparently an abbreviated version of the Amidah ("Standing," in Hebrew) or Eighteen Benedictions, I think it is important for Christians to be familiar with this central prayer of Jewish religious life. A paragraph naming the festival and its special character follow. The first three blessings of praise of the Amidah in every worship service are always the same, with only minor variations for weekdays, Shabbat and holidays. Once Atah Chonantanu is said, work prohibited on the holy day becomes permitted because the separation from the holy day has been established. The individual's quiet repetition of the Amidah is said afterwards, not before. The Eighteen Benedictions The eighteen benedictions (Shemoneh Ezreh) are also called "The Amidah" or the prayer that is said while standing facing toward Jerusalem, most of which is said silently.The Amidah is used during Sabbath services and holy days as well in the the daily service. This is the "Shemoneh Esrei", which means 18 and refers to the 18 blessings originally contained within the prayer. The sages established that this is done three times every day, and they composed words of praise and requests to be said at those times.2 We pray the Shacharit (“morning”) prayers in the morning, Minchah (lit. In practice, many individuals in the Western Hemisphere simply face due east, regardless of location. 3d ed., iv. Printer-Friendly Version. The Amidah (עמידה, "standing") is one of the two main prayers of Judaism.It has that name because people say it standing up. Its words and themes are a kind of mantra embedded in the minds and memory of all who recite it. Both prayers have been modified within the siddur of Conservative Judaism, so that although they still ask for the restoration of the Temple, they remove the explicit plea for the resumption of sacrifices. New Testament scholar Paul Barnett has identified 2 Corinthians 1:3-7 as being a modified version of the first blessing (Avot). Reconstructionist and Reform congregations generally do not do the Mussaf Amidah at all, but if they do, they omit all references to Temple worship. Reform and Reconstructionist Judaism generally omit the Mussaf Amidah on Shabbat, though it is retained on some festivals. The reason for this procedure is that the Hebrew word for "blessed" (baruch) is related to "knee" (berech); while the verse in Psalms states, "The Lord straightens the bent. This is the standing prayer that is the central part of all Jewish prayer services. the phrase umeivi go'eil ("and brings a redeemer") is changed in Reform Judaism to umeivi ge'ulah ("who brings redemption"), replacing the personal messiah with a Messianic Age. Before Him we shall worship in reverence and fear. God of the 'acknowledgments,' Lord of 'Peace,' who sanctifieth the Sabbath and blesseth the seventh [day] and causeth the people who are filled with Sabbath delight to rest as a memorial of the work in the beginning of Creation. In the ninth blessing of the weekday Amidah, the words "may You grant dew and rain" are inserted during the winter season in the Land of Israel. Before beginning the Amidah, take three steps back, then three steps forward. The Talmud says that one who is riding an animal or sitting in a boat (or by modern extension, flying in an airplane) may recite the Amidah while seated, as the precarity of standing would disturb one's focus.[31]. There is a dispute regarding how one measures direction for this purpose. Prayer in Judaism is called avodah shebalev ("service of the heart"). In a similar vein, the Tiferet Yisrael explains in his commentary, Boaz, that the Amidah is so-called because it helps a person focus his or her thoughts. The Mussaf Amidah begins with the same first three and concludes with the same last three blessings as the regular Amidah. Many Reform congregations will often conclude with either Sim Shalom or Shalom Rav. The simple reading of the Mishna and Talmud is that women are obligated in reciting Shemoneh Esrei at its set times– in the morning by the end of the fourth halachic hour, or at least by halachic midday (chatzot), and Mincha by halachic sunset (sheki’a). In attitude of body and in the holding of the hands devotion is to be expressed (see Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim, 95 et seq.). Outside Israel, this season is defined as beginning on the 60th day after the autumnal equinox (usually 4 December) and ending on Passover. Mishna Berura … ", A Weekday Siddur ~ As I Can Say It, for Praying in the Vernacular, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amidah&oldid=998749712, Hebrew words and phrases in Jewish prayers and blessings, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Articles containing Yiddish-language text, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, During the chazzan's repetition, a longer version of the blessing called, On fast days, the chazzan adds in the blessing, An addition can ask for the healing of a specific person or more than one name. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Some feminist Jews have added the names of Bilhah and Zilpah, since they were mothers to four tribes of Israel. The paragraph thanks God for the ability to separate between the holy and mundane, paraphrasing the concepts found in the Havdalah ceremony. The only exceptions are in cases of danger or for one who needs to relieve oneself, though this rule may depend on the movement of Judaism. This prayer, among others, is found in the siddur, the traditional Jewish prayer book. In Yemenite Jewish synagogues and some Sephardi synagogues, kohanim chant … The name "Amidah," which literally is the Hebrew gerund of "standing," comes from the fact that the worshipper recites the prayer while standing with feet firmly together. 0 Reviews . These lines invoke God's mercy and pray for inscription in the Book of Life. ", The public recitation of the Amidah is sometimes abbreviated, with the first three blessings (including Kedushah) said out loud and the remainder quietly. On Shabbat, the middle 13 benedictions of the Amidah are replaced by one, known as Kedushat haYom ("sanctity of the day"), so that each Shabbat Amidah is composed of seven benedictions. In many communities, when the chazzan reaches these lines during his repetition, he pauses and the congregation recites the lines before him. "[37] At each of these bows, one must bend over until the vertebrae protrude from one's back; one physically unable to do so suffices by nodding the head. Spare it and have mercy upon it and all of its harvest and its fruits, and bless it with rains of favor, blessing, and generosity; and let its issue be life, plenty, and peace as in the blessed good years; for Thou, O Eternal, are good and does good and blesses the years. On Chol HaMoed and Rosh Chodesh, the prayer Ya'aleh Veyavo ("May [our remembrance] rise and be seen...") is inserted in the blessing of Avodah. The priestly blessing is said in the reader's repetition of the Shacharit Amidah, and at the Mussaf Amidah on Shabbat and Jewish Holidays. The Shulchan Aruch thus advises that one pray using a translation one can understand, though learning the meaning of the Hebrew liturgy is ideal.[27]. This book expains this prayer that every observant Jew says three times a day in language that the newest Baal Teshuva (newly observant person) can understand yet is still going to provide insights and be interesting for the most experienced learners. Thus, prayer is only meaningful if one focuses one's emotion and intention, kavanah, to the words of the prayers. On fast days, Ashkenazic Jews insert Aneinu into this blessing during Mincha. Thus in New York one would face north-northeast. My L-rd, open my lips, and my mouth shall declare Your praise. [45] The congregation then continues: Shield of the fathers by His word, reviving the dead by His command, the holy God to whom none is like; who causeth His people to rest on His holy Sabbath-day, for in them He took delight to cause them to rest. The historical kernel in these conflicting reports seems to be that the benedictions date from the earliest days of the Pharisaic Synagogue. There are also halakhot to prevent interrupting the Amidah of others; for example, it is forbidden to sit next to someone praying or to walk within four amot (cubits) of someone praying. In the ninth blessing of the weekday Amidah, the words “may You grant dew and rain” are inserted during hebrww winter season in the Land of Israel. One takes three steps back upon finishing the final meditation after the Amidah, and then says, while bowing left, right, and forward, "He who makes peace in the heavens, may He make peace for us and all Israel, and let us say, Amen." This book expains this prayer that every observant Jew says three times a day in language that the newest Baal Teshuva (newly observant person) can understand yet is still going to provide insights and be interesting for the most experienced learners. "high (loud) kedushah"), and sometimes as bekol ram (Hebrew בקול רם, lit. On festivals, like on Shabbat, the intermediate 13 blessings are replaced by a single blessing concerning "Sanctification of the Day" prayer. • Halakhah requires that the first blessing of the Amidah be said with intention; if said by rote alone, it must be repeated with intention. The Reform siddur also modifies this prayer, eliminating all reference to the Temple service and replacing the request for the restoration of the Temple with "God who is near to all who call upon you, turn to your servants and be gracious to us; pour your spirit upon us.". Some members of the Dor Daim movement also bow in this manner in their daily Amidah prayer.[39]. [9] In order to reconcile the various assertions of editorship, the Talmud concludes that the prayers had fallen into disuse, and that Gamaliel reinstituted them.[10][11]. The many laws concerning the Amidah's mode of prayer are designed to focus one's concentration as one beseeches God. The Amidah (Hebrew: תפילת העמידה‎, Tefilat HaAmidah, "The Standing Prayer"), also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה‎ 'eighteen'), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy. It is the custom of the Ashkenazim that one bends the knees when saying "Blessed," then bows at "are You," and straightens while saying "O Lord." Mention of taking three steps back, upon finishing the final meditation after the Amidah, is found in both Ashkenaz and Sephardi/עדות המזרח siddurim. They were at first spontaneous outgrowths of the efforts to establish the Pharisaic Synagogue in opposition to, or at least in correspondence with, the Sadducean Temple service. In addition, during the quiet Amidah, all fasting congregatants recite the text of Aneinu without its signature in the blessing of Tefillah. The Amidah is recited while standing, with the feet together. [24], Then Psalms 19:15 (which was the final line of Mar son of Ravina's supplication) is recited.[25]. Mode of Prayer. [34] The Mishnah Berurah wrote that only the steps forward are required, while the backward steps beforehand are a prevalent custom. There are some variations in Ashkenazi customs as to how long one remains in this position. Shemoneh Esrei-Amidah. On public fast days it is also said at Mincha; and on Yom Kippur, at Ne'ilah. The first section is constant on all holidays: You have chosen us from all the nations, You have loved us and was pleased with us; You lifted us above all tongues, and sanctified us with Your commandments, and brought us, O our King, to Your service, and pronounced over us Your great and holy name. Prayer Tutorial with Audio CD. [50] This has also been identified by Paul Martin Hengel in his book "the Pre-Christian Paul", arguing that Saul/Paul was a teacher in the Hellenistic synagogues of Jerusalem prior to his conversion to Christianity. Others say one should face the direction along a rhumb line path to Jerusalem, which would not require an alteration of compass direction. More traditional Conservative congregations recite a prayer similar to the Mussaf prayer in Orthodox services, except they refer to Temple sacrifices only in the past tense and do not include a prayer for the restoration of the sacrifices. Many have the custom to remain standing in place until immediately before the chazzan reaches the Kedusha, and then take three steps forward. At the Maariv Amidah following the conclusion of a Shabbat or Yom Tov, a paragraph beginning Atah Chonantanu ("You have granted us...") is inserted into the weekday Amidah's fourth blessing of Binah. When the Amidah is modified for specific prayers or occasions, the first three blessings and the last three remain constant, framing the Amidah used in each service, while the middle thirteen blessings are replaced by blessings (usually just one) specific to the occasion. During certain parts of the Amidah said on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, Ashkenazi Jews traditionally go down to the floor upon their knees and make their upper body bowed over like an arch, similar to the Muslim practice of sujud. It is not said in a House of Mourning. The prayer is recited standing with feet firmly together, and preferably while facing Jerusalem. Preserve and save this year from all evil and from all kinds of destroyers and from all sorts of punishments: and establish for it good hope and as its outcome peace. This practice is first recorded in the 16th century, and was popularized by the Shelah. Ya'aleh Veyavo is also said in the Kedushat HaYom blessing of the Festival Amidah, and at Birkat HaMazon. In The World of Prayer (p.13), Rabbi Eliyahu Munk, citing the Zohar, explains that the Shemoneh Esrei is the climactic moment of tefillah. During his repetition again, as at Shacharit Mishkan T'filah, reverses Leah 's Rachel! Tisha B'av, or not included at all of life public recitation of the day 's holiday mentioning... His power as the resurrection of the change deft touch and great sensitivity to the Temple to bear a.! Heart in Your Torah, and was popularized by the Reader aloud audibly to yourself — while.... Good, and inspiration the Shemoneh Esreh ( שמנה עשרה ), thank God for Amida! In Jerusalem should face the direction along a rhumb line path to Jerusalem, which a. At home if he can not make it to shul Judaism has devised two forms for the Temple entirely! In practice, many individuals in the 16th century, and at Birkat HaMazon would. 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Veyavo is also said at Mincha ; and on Yom Kippur, at 21:36 getting this page in the of. A mitzvah de-rabbanan for, according to the Mussaf Amidah התפילה‎, `` the varies... Then repeated by the congregation recites the lines before Him ) in rabbinic.... It 's a masterful blend of ideas, anecdotes, and Jacob Shemoneh... To experience the Shemoneh Esreh ( שמנה עשרה ), and sometimes as bekol (! Judaism has devised two forms for the ability to separate between the holy and mundane, paraphrasing the found... Naming the festival blessing is added, relating to the time of day Amidah... Jews insert Aneinu into this blessing during the Amidah, take three steps backward then. Uses the person 's Jewish name and the richness of the heart '' ), thank God for the,. To separate between the holy day has been established knees during the nation.

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